A Bulletin 001 from ISTH
as at 24th March 2020.
Frequently Asked Questions
- What is COVID-19?
Ans: COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered
coronavirus. It began in China in December 2019 but has now spread to involve many
countries in all continents of the world.
- What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
Ans: The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some
patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhoea.
These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but
don’t develop any symptoms and don’t feel unwell. Most people (about 80%) recover from
the disease without needing special treatment. Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets
COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Older people, and those
with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are
more likely to develop serious illness. People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing
should seek medical attention.
- How does COVID-19 spread?
Ans: COVID-19 can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or
mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or sneezes. These droplets
land on objects and surfaces around the person such as desks, telephones or door handles.
The disease can be spread to others when they touch these contaminated objects or surfaces,
and then touch their eyes, nose or mouth. People can also get infected by breathing in
droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out, sneezes or exhales droplets. This
is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.
- Is there a COVID-19 case in ISTH?
Ans: NO, as at 24th of March 2020, 2pm.
- Is Management prepared for the COVID-19 pandemic?
Ans: Management has activated a COVID-19 response plan consisting of 4 working groups
(Case Management, Staff Protection & Education, Infection Prevention & Control,
Management has procured 100 hand hygiene materials which have been placed at strategic
locations in the hospital.
Management has begun the process of producing ISTH alcohol-based hand sanitizers.
Management has commenced local production of face masks.
Management has an isolation facility for the management of COVID-19 cases.
Management is determined to do whatever it takes to protect all workers.
- Should I wear a mask to protect myself?
Ans: Only wear a mask if you are ill with COVID-19 symptoms (especially coughing) or
looking after someone who has respiratory symptoms. Disposable face mask can only be
used once. If you need to wear a face mask, then you must know how to use it and dispose
of it properly. If you are not ill or looking after someone who is ill, you do not require a
- What is the correct way to wear and dispose of a face mask?
Ans: Before putting on a mask, wash hands with soap and water or clean hands with an
alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Cover mouth and nose with mask and make sure there are no gaps between your face and
Avoid touching the mask while using it; if you do, clean your hands with alcohol-based
hand sanitizer or soap and water.
Replace the mask with a new one as soon as it is damp and do not re-use disposable masks.
To remove the mask; remove it from behind (do not touch the front of the mask); discard
immediately in a close bin; wash hands with soap and water or clean hands with alcohol-
based hand sanitizer.
- What does social distancing mean?
Ans: It is an effective strategy to reduce physical interaction between people towards
delaying and reducing the wide spread of COVID-19 in a community. This measure
involves strict adherence to:
• Non-contact greetings (avoiding shaking of hands and hugs)
• Maintaining at least 2 metres (6 feet) physical distance between yourself and
• Closure of activities that will cause any form of gathering including schools,
houses of worship, and social events such as marriages, burials, parties etc.
- What can I do to avoid becoming infected?
Ans: To reduce the risk of infection or spread of COVID-19, members of the public are
advised to adhere to the following hand and respiratory hygiene measures:
• Keep a social distance of at least 2 metres while in public and avoid large gatherings
and crowded places
• Wash your hands regularly with soap and running water or use an alcohol-based
• Cover your mouth and nose properly with tissue paper when sneezing and/or
coughing and immediately dispose of the tissue in a covered waste bin. After this,
wash your hands with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
• You may also cough into your bent elbow if disposable tissue is not available. You
are advised not to re-use handkerchiefs.
• When opening doors, use your elbows or your non-dominant hand
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
• Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as
sneezing and coughing.
• If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek immediate medical
attention and inform your supervisor.
2 dead 17 hospitalized after eating Poisoned food at a wedding reception
How the 2 dead 17 hospitalized In Katsina
2 dead 17 hospitalized after eating food served at a wedding in Katsina suspected to have been poisoned. The deceased is 20-year-old Bilkisu Surajo, and Ibrahim Sani, aged 13, both of neighbouring Niger Republic.
The spokesman of the police command in Katsina SP Gambo Isah said already two prime suspects have been arrested. A police report said a 25-year-old man, Musa Suleiman, conspired with Shafa’atu Sirajo, aged 20, to administer a noxious substance, known in Hausa as Zaqami, in food to be served to guests at a wedding.
Both reside at the same address in Ali Yaba village of Mani council area of Katsina. They have been arrested and confessed to being responsible.
A short confessional video released by police showed Shafa’atu admitting to being given rice and a bucket of water by Musa to cook rice for guests. Musa also admitted to giving her the items but did not state his motives.
In another development, On 7th and 9th April, 2020 between midnight and 5am, Operation Puff Adder foiled cattle rustling at Dan-Alhaji and Zamfarawa villages. It arrested a 26-year-old Abubakar Maiunguwa Alti, of Dogon Dutsen Akata Fullani Camp, Batsari council area of Katsina and recovered a herd of cattle. Alti has gained notoriety for banditry after he confessed to having taken part in attacks on villages in Batsari.
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